The Cane Corso is an Italian breed that has been been loved for centuries as a worker and a companion. The breed’s name comes from the Latin word “cohors,” a word that means “guardian,” and “protector.” These traits are easy to see in these dogs, a breed that descended directly from Roman Molossian. The Cane Corso is a lighter dog than the Molossian and was used to hunt large game and act as fighters in battle.
Also known as the Cane Corso Italiano, this breed nearly went extinct until efforts were made in Italy to bring it back to life. In the 1980s the breed became known around the world and was later accepted to kennel clubs in the United Kingdom and the United States.
The Cane Corso earned its keep as a guard or hunting dog. The breed fulfills these duties with a medium sized, muscular body. A Cane Corso stands between 62 to 69 centimetres high at the withers and weighs between 40 and 50 kilograms. The muzzle is broad and deep while the neck is slightly arched. Expect the coat to be short but not all that smooth. Generally, a Cane Corso’s coat is one of two colours: black and fawn. These colours may mix to form other variations, including blue, brindle, red, and beige. Grooming this breed will not require a large time commitment. The coat should be given a good brushing from time to time to remove dead hair. A little bit of shedding should be expected, but not too much.
Cane Corsos are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and even temper. These characteristics make them great watch dogs as well as beloved family pets. They’ve been bred for centuries to be a working dog, not a fighting one, so they will not go out looking for a fight. At the same time, if another dog tries to dominate them or appears to be a threat to their family they will not back down.
Proper socialization is key for the Cane Corso. Because they tend to be a little wary of strangers, if they aren’t taught at a young age what behaviours are appropriate and which ones aren’t you might find them being aggressive towards guests. Obedience training is recommended for this breed, especially since their strength and size can make them hard to manage if not properly trained. It should also be noted that this breed has a very high tolerance for pain, so electrical “invisible fence” containment systems may not be the best way to keep them in the yard.
This breed is very robust. They have very few health problems. The main thing to watch out for is joint problems and hip dysplasia, a condition that affects many large dogs. Their life expectancy is between 10 and 11 years.
A Cane Corso will be equally happy inside or outside. Having a nice yard to play in is definitely a bonus, especially if there is shelter to offer protection from bad weather. Inside living is also an option providing that regular exercise is present. These dogs are very athletic and love nothing more than a good jog. If jogging isn’t an option, a brisk walk on a daily basis will keep him mentally and physically stimulated and will deter any boredom related bad habits.